Buoyed by federal Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) incentives and statewide requests for proposals for renewable energy, Energy Information Administration (EIA) researchers forecast that U.S. project developers will deploy up to 29.1 GW of solar and up to 9.4 GW of energy storage. This represents 70% of the 54.5 GW of new U.S. generating capacity forecast to enter the grid this year.
In the EIA’s latest Monthly Update to Annual Electric Generator Report, or EIA-860M, following delayed 2022 utility-scale solar projects due to trade issues from the Uyghur Forced Labor Prevention Act (UFLPA), the solar market is forecast to rebound this year with 29.1 GW of new installations. If all the new capacity comes online as planned, 2023 will have the most new utility-scale solar capacity added in a single year, more than doubling the current record of 13.4 GW deployed in 2021, the EIA notes.
U.S. utility-scale solar capacity has been rising rapidly since 2010. Despite its upward trend over the past decade, additions of utility-scale solar capacity declined by 23% in 2022 compared with 2021. This drop in solar capacity additions was the result of the UFLPA trade issues amid broader supply chain disruptions and other pandemic-related challenges.
In 2023, the EIA forecasts the largest new solar development queues to come from Texas (7.7 GW) and California (4.2 GW), which together account for 41% of new planned capacity.
Energy storage development has grown rapidly over the last few years, with that market currently eligible to start receiving its own 30% standalone storage investment tax credit under the IRA guidelines. In 2023, U.S. battery capacity will likely more than double, according to EIA estimates. Developers have reported plans to add 9.4 GW of battery storage to the existing 8.8 GW of battery storage capacity accounted in recent years, the EIA reports.
Energy storage is rapidly increasing as paired with utility solar and wind projects. Batteries can store excess electricity from wind and solar generators for later use based on daily intermittent patterns from wind and solar generation. In 2023, the EIA expects 71% of the new storage capacity to also come from California and Texas, states with significant solar and wind resources. Arizona Public Service and Florida Power & Light, a NextEra Energy utility, are two of the largest offtake parties of storage for the year ahead, with battery systems ranging from 16 MW to 50 MW per project, while AES and Hawaiian Electric are procuring energy storage systems of 30 MW and 36 MW, respectively.
Top 5 largest projects
Enel Green Power’s Roseland Solar project (500 MW) in Falls County, Texas, and Blue Jay Solar (210 MW), in Grimes County, Texas, are among the top five largest projects set to enter commercial operations in 2023. Intersect Power’s IP Radian (300 MW), in Brown County, Texas, 25 Miles Creek Solar (250 MW) in Oklahoma, developed by Enel Green Power, and SR DeSoto I (162.5 MW), developed by Silicon Ranch in Georgia, round out the list of the largest projects to enter COD this year, according to the EIA’s monthly database.
The EIA’s Preliminary Monthly Electric Generator Inventory includes a comprehensive list of power generators that retired since 2002, with data culled since March 2017. The list can be found on the ‘Retired’ tab of the datafile. Starting with March 2018 data, the monthly data also includes project information from Puerto Rico for existing, retired, and proposed generating units with combined nameplate capacity of 1 MW or larger.
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